Selected SLC Research


Policy Analysis | September 14, 2016

What states export the most agricultural products to Cuba?

Anne Roberts Brody

Cuba, a nation of approximately 11 million people, is a food-insecure country, importing up to 80 percent of its food. The nation’s primary imports in 2015 included rice (14 percent), poultry (13 percent), dairy (12 percent), soy products (12 percent) and wheat (12 percent).

Agricultural exports to Cuba were authorized under the Trade Sanctions Reform and Export Enhancement Act of 2000. Given Cuba’s economic and geographic position, Southern states have become leaders in agricultural exports to Cuba, comprising nine of the top 10 exporting states in 2015.

Reinforcing their dominant position, Southern states also are leaders in overall exports of Cuba’s most-imported agricultural products: rice and poultry. In 2014, four Southern states were among the top five rice-exporting states (Arkansas, at $809.3 million; California, at $644 million; Louisiana, at $258.9 million; Missouri, at $96.6 million; and Texas, at $92.8 million). Similarly, Southern states constituted all five of the top broiler-exporting states in 2014 (Georgia, at $596.3 million; Alabama, at $478 million; North Carolina, at $477.5 million; Arkansas, at $475 million; Mississippi, at $356.2 million; and Texas, at $280.5 million).

Top 20 States for Agricultural Exports to Cuba (2006-2015)

(ranking based on total agricultural exports in 2015)

U.S. State 2006 2009 Percent Change 2012 Percent Change 2015 Percent Change
Virginia 25,916 56,941 119.7% 65,613 15.2% 41,629 -36.6%
Georgia 16,767 42,528 153.6% 36,412 -14.4% 30,924 -15.1%
Florida 24,911 28,151 13.0% 68,358 142.8% 29,874 -56.3%
Alabama 3,528 5,917 67.7% 41,861 607.5% 26,677 -36.3%
Louisiana 146,363 180,873 23.6% 176,452 -2.4% 11,319 -93.6%
North Carolina 1,202 14,327 1091.9% 12,859 -10.2% 5,375 -58.2%
South Carolina 142 507 257.0% 1,644 224.3% 2,738 66.5%
Mississippi 236 47,414 19990.7% 21,855 -53.9% 535 -97.6%
California 223 594 166.4% 551 -7.2% 228 -58.6%
Tennessee 225 482 114.2% 1,119 132.2% 64 -94.3%
Minnesota 11,492 5,298 -53.9% - -100.0% 60 -
Texas 61,545 54,340 -11.7% 120 -99.8% 44 -63.3%
Pennsylvania 603 - -100.0% - - 43 -
Arkansas 1,402 4,751 238.9% - -100.0% - -
Connecticut - 67,201 - - -100.0% - -
Delaware - - - 1,343 - - -100.0%
Iowa 2,485 1,079 -56.6% 26,314 2338.7% - -100.0%
Idaho - - - - - - -
Illinois 1,303 9,222 607.8% 2,660 -71.2% - -100.0%
Kansas 155 - -100.0% - - - -
Grand Total 304,478 525,971 72.7% 459,479 -12.6% 149,510 -67.5%

Notes:

1. Data Source: U.S. Census Bureau Trade Data, U.S. State Export Data

2. Product Group : BICO-HS6

3. Limitations of the United States State Export Data