Selected SLC Research


Policy Analysis | May 1, 2012

What are the SLC member state laws regarding mandatory reporting of child abuse?

Alabama - Law

Reports are required from all of the following:

  • Hospitals, clinics, sanitariums, doctors, physicians, surgeons, medical examiners, coroners, dentists, osteopaths, optometrists, chiropractors, podiatrists, pharmacists, and nurses
  • Teachers and school officials
  • Peace officers and law enforcement officials
  • Social workers
  • Daycare workers or employees
  • Mental health professionals
  • Members of the clergy
  • Any other person called upon to render aid or medical assistance to a child

Arkansas - Law

The following individuals are mandated reporters:

  • Child care, daycare, or foster care workers
  • Coroners
  • Dentists, dental hygienists
  • Domestic abuse advocates and domestic violence shelter employees or volunteers
  • Employees of the Department of Human Services
  • Employees working under contract for the Division of Youth Services of the Department of Human Services
  • Foster parents
  • Judges, law enforcement officials, peace officers, and prosecuting attorneys
  • Licensed nurses, physicians, mental health professionals, surgeons, resident interns, osteopaths, and medical personnel who may be engaged in the admission, examination, care, or treatment of persons
  • School counselors, officials, and teachers
  • Social workers and juvenile intake or probation officers
  • Court-appointed special advocate program staff members or volunteers
  • Attorneys ad litem
  • Clergy members
  • Employees of a child advocacy center or a child safety center
  • Sexual abuse advocates or volunteers who work with victims of sexual abuse as employees of a community-based victim service or mental health agency such as Safe Places, United Family Services, or Centers for Youth and Families
  • Rape crisis advocates or volunteers
  • Child abuse advocates or volunteers who work with child victims of abuse or maltreatment as employees of a community-based victim service or a mental health agency
  • Victim/witness coordinators
  • Victim assistance professionals or volunteers

Florida - Law

The following persons are mandated reporters:

  • Physicians, osteopaths, medical examiners, chiropractors, nurses, or hospital personnel
  • Other health or mental health professionals
  • Practitioners who rely solely on spiritual means for healing
  • Teachers or other school officials or personnel
  • Social workers, daycare center workers, or other professional child care, foster care, residential, or institutional workers
  • Law enforcement officers or judges

Georgia - Law

The following persons are required to report:

  • Physicians, residents, interns, hospital and medical personnel, podiatrists, dentists, or nurses
  • Teachers, school administrators, guidance counselors, visiting teachers, school social workers, or school psychologists
  • Psychologists, counselors, social workers, or marriage and family therapists
  • Child welfare agency personnel (including any child-caring institution, child-placing agency, maternity home, family daycare home, group daycare home, and daycare center), child-counseling personnel, or child service organization personnel
  • Law enforcement personnel
  • Persons who process or produce visual or printed matter

Kentucky - Law

All persons are required to report, including, but not limited to:

  • Physicians, osteopathic physicians, nurses, coroners, medical examiners, residents, interns, chiropractors, dentists, optometrists, emergency medical technicians, paramedics, or health professionals
  • Teachers, school personnel, or child-caring personnel
  • Social workers or mental health professionals
  • Peace officers

Louisiana - Law

Mandatory reporters include any of the following individuals performing their occupational duties:

  • Health practitioners, including physicians, surgeons, physical therapists, dentists, residents, interns, hospital staff members, podiatrists, chiropractors, licensed nurses, nursing aides, dental hygienists, emergency medical technicians, paramedics, optometrists, medical examiners, or coroners
  • Mental health/social service practitioners including psychiatrists, psychologists, marriage or family counselors, social workers, members of the clergy, aides, or other individuals who provide counseling services to a child or his or her family
  • Members of the clergy, including priests, rabbis, duly ordained clerical deacons or ministers, or Christian Science practitioners
  • Teachers, child care providers, teacher's aides, instructional aides, school principals, school staff members, probation officers, foster home parents, group home or other child care institutional staff members, personnel of residential home facilities, or licensed or unlicensed daycare providers
  • Police officers or law enforcement officials
  • Commercial film and photographic print processors
  • Mediators
  • Parenting coordinators
  • Court-appointed special advocates

Mississippi - Law

The following professionals are required to report:

  • Physicians, dentists, interns, residents, or nurses
  • Public or private school employees or child care givers
  • Psychologists, social workers, family protection workers, or family protection specialists
  • Attorneys, ministers, or law enforcement officers

Missouri - Law

Professionals required to report include:

  • Physicians, medical examiners, coroners, dentists, chiropractors, optometrists, podiatrists, residents, interns, nurses, hospital and clinic personnel, or other health practitioners
  • Daycare center workers or other child care workers, teachers, principals, or other school officials
  • Psychologists, mental health professionals, or social workers
  • Ministers including clergypersons, priests, rabbis, Christian Science practitioners, or other persons serving in a similar capacity for any religious organization
  • Juvenile officers, probation or parole officers, peace officers, law enforcement officials, or jail or detention center personnel
  • Other persons with responsibility for the care of children
  • Commercial film and photographic print processors; computer providers, installers, or repair persons; or Internet service providers

North Carolina - Law

Any person or institution that has cause to suspect abuse or neglect shall report.

Oklahoma - Law

Mandatory reporters include:

  • All persons
  • Commercial film and photographic print processors or computer technicians

South Carolina - Law

The following professionals are required to report:

  • Physicians, nurses, dentists, optometrists, medical examiners, or coroners
  • Any other medical, emergency medical services, or allied health professionals
  • Teachers, school counselors, principals, or assistant principals
  • Child care workers in any child care centers or foster care facilities
  • Mental health professionals, social or public assistance workers, or substance abuse treatment staff
  • Members of the clergy including Christian Science practitioners or religious healers
  • Police or law enforcement officers, judges, undertakers, or funeral home directors or employees
  • Persons responsible for processing films or computer technicians

Tennessee - Law

Persons required to report include:

  • Physicians, osteopaths, medical examiners, chiropractors, nurses, hospital personnel, or other health or mental health professionals
  • Teachers, other school officials or personnel, daycare center workers, or other professional child care, foster care, residential, or institutional workers
  • Social workers
  • Practitioners who rely solely on spiritual means for healing
  • Judges or law enforcement officers
  • Neighbors, relatives, or friends
  • Other persons

Texas - Law

Persons required to report include:

  • A professional, for purposes of the reporting laws, who is licensed or certified by the State or who is an employee of a facility licensed, certified, or operated by the State and who, in the normal course of official duties or duties for which a license or certification is required, has direct contact with children.
  • Teachers or daycare employees
  • Nurses, doctors, or employees of a clinic or health-care facility that provides reproductive services
  • Juvenile probation officers or juvenile detention or correctional officers

Virginia - Law

The following professionals are required to report:

  • Persons licensed to practice medicine or any of the healing arts
  • Hospital residents, interns, or nurses
  • Social workers or probation officers
  • Teachers or other persons employed in a public or private school, kindergarten, or nursery school
  • Persons providing full-time or part-time child care for pay on a regular basis
  • Mental health professionals
  • Law enforcement officers, animal control officers, or mediators
  • All professional staff persons, not previously enumerated, employed by a private or State-operated hospital, institution, or facility to which children have been committed or where children have been placed for care and treatment
  • Persons associated with or employed by any private organization responsible for the care, custody, or control of children
  • Court-appointed special advocates
  • Persons, over age 18, who have received training approved by the Department of Social Services for the purposes of recognizing and reporting child abuse and neglect
  • Any person employed by a local department who determines eligibility for public assistance
  • Emergency medical services personnel

West Virginia - Law

The following professionals are required to report:

  • Medical, dental, or mental health professionals
  • Christian Science practitioners or religious healers
  • Teachers or other school personnel
  • Social service, child care, or foster care workers
  • Emergency medical services personnel
  • Peace officer, law enforcement officials, or humane officers
  • Members of the clergy
  • Circuit court judges, family court judges, employees of the Division of Juvenile Services, or magistrates

Source

Child Welfare Information Gateway