Selected SLC Research


Policy Analysis | June 1, 2011

How much are SLC member states allocating toward higher education?

As states have reeled from the Great Depression, Americans are pursuing post-secondary education at record levels. The importance of higher education to the kinds of jobs most observers maintain will dominate the post-recession economy is relatively clear. States recognize the necessity of a well-trained and ‐educated workforce to their future competitiveness and have generally provided the means for these systems to meet current demands and future needs. Nonetheless, the recession affected state allocations for higher education across the region, reducing state monies for this purpose from a high of nearly $4 billion in FY 2008 to only $3.6 billion in FY 2011. The decline in real terms to state higher education systems was mitigated in large part by stimulus spending, which injected more than $3.8 billion in the region's higher education systems and institutions.

As states pull out of the recession, there are signs of recovery in state support for higher education. Indeed, 11 of the 15 states in the SLC have increased their support for higher education over the past five years by significant amounts, and only three have experienced declines.

State Fiscal Support for Higher Education, by State, Fiscal Years 2005-06, 2006-07, 2007-08, 2008-09, 2009-10, and 2010-11 a

(click on headers to sort by column)

State / Region FY 2006 State Support b FY 2007 State Support b FY 2008 State Support b FY 2009 State Support b FY 2010 State Support b FY 2011 State Support b Percent Change FY 2006 - FY 2011
Alabama 1,407,875,152 1,685,067,489 1,961,808,342 1,581,208,946 1,424,278,941 1,455,273,417 3.4%
Arkansas 752,020,512 796,303,595 879,882,230 887,321,221 882,692,213 901,799,213 19.9%
Florida 3,843,695,215 4,390,185,206 4,448,930,438 4,107,485,788 3,665,468,615 3,738,916,518 -2.7%
Georgia 2,637,670,133 2,774,268,032 2,953,507,623 3,144,002,253 2,608,182,991 2,984,188,158 13.1%
Kentucky 1,207,616,000 1,253,992,000 1,320,540,000 1,282,618,255 1,214,692,752 1,215,584,100 0.7%
Louisiana 1,285,481,337 1,459,847,337 1,707,668,337 1,706,364,806 1,303,919,738 1,213,247,863 -5.6%
Mississippi 772,365,105 879,465,904 1,045,937,317 978,760,459 1,006,477,155 932,494,907 20.7%
Missouri 926,756,453 978,771,911 1,021,705,137 1,108,021,377 980,013,415 928,982,622 0.2%
North Carolina 3,062,511,308 3,466,352,712 3,837,233,489 3,658,785,872 3,768,537,112 4,022,438,686 31.3%
Oklahoma 890,540,061 1,033,365,199 1,098,881,179 1,078,158,766 1,077,227,530 1,015,017,746 14.0%
South Carolina 1,050,223,497 1,127,265,244 1,211,068,342 980,754,273 924,156,917 817,634,079 -22.1%
Tennessee c 1,371,036,300 1,505,273,700 1,639,550,600 1,581,260,700 1,490,255,181 1,659,586,381 21.0%
Texas 5,700,130,286 5,709,136,834 6,347,752,622 6,107,243,700 6,434,942,116 6,476,380,455 13.6%
Virginia 1,594,605,000 1,854,731,000 1,885,553,314 1,899,464,085 1,727,005,095 1,692,395,252 6.1%
West Virginia 416,660,839 455,444,801 562,253,000 520,693,910 492,834,565 492,800,710 18.3%
SLC 26,919,187,198 29,369,470,964 31,922,271,970 30,622,144,411 29,000,684,336 29,546,740,107 9.8%
United States 70,281,476,153 75,679,314,853 80,884,871,214 78,279,295,850 74,748,223,538 76,109,765,981 8.3%

Notes:

a FY2011 figures on state support for higher education represent initial allocations and estimates reported by the states from September through December 2010 and are subject to change.

b State monies include state tax appropriations and other state funds allocated to higher education.

c Tennessee's 11.4% increase between FY10 and FY11 in state monies for higher education is an anomaly, reflecting the decision to apply available federal stimulus funds in FY11 to K-12 education. An equivalent amount of state funds were used for higher education. The increase in state monies for higher education between FY10 and FY11 does not reflect an increase in the overall availability of state funds for college and university support.

Source: Grapevine, Illinois State University