Selected SLC Research


Policy Analysis | December 1, 2008

What trends are SLC states witnessing regarding HIV/AIDS infection?

A recent report by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services' Center for Disease Control and Prevention shows that there were more than 1.1 million people in the United States living with HIV infection at the end of 2006. The figure is up from 994,000 at the end of 2003, an 11 percent increase. Experts attribute the rise partly to advances in antiviral treatments that increase the life of infected persons. However, the availability of proper education and other preventative measures are a growing concern for states that are experiencing these dramatic increases. Like most regions of the country, SLC states have seen a steady decline in reported AIDS cases since the early 1990s. From July 1995 to June 1996, SLC states reported 24,037 cases of AIDS in the region. From July 2000 to June 2001, states reported only 15,950 cases, a decline of 27 percent for the five-year period. However, that number rose back to 18,946 for the reporting year July 2004 to June 2005. This "fall and rise" trend is represented for most of the 16 SLC states in the chart below. Only Arkansas, Oklahoma, and Virginia saw a decline in reported AIDS cases in the latter comparison.

Reported AIDS Cases by State

State July, 1995
- June 1996
July, 2000
- June, 2001
% change July, 2000
- June, 2001
July, 2004
- June, 2005
% change
Alabama 625 421 -33% 421 533 27%
Arkansas 246 175 -29% 175 132 -25%
Florida 7,263 4,705 -35% 4,705 5,601 19%
Georgia 2,323 1,292 -44% 1,292 1,860 44%
Kentucky 296 279 -6% 279 280 0%
Louisiana 1,294 743 -43% 743 888 20%
Maryland 2,171 1,559 -28% 1,559 1,577 1%
Mississippi 390 438 12% 438 482 10%
Missouri 785 410 -48% 410 424 3%
North Carolina 929 692 -26% 692 1,335 93%
Oklahoma 256 283 11% 283 277 -2%
Sout Carolina 896 680 -24% 680 771 13%
Tennessee 850 698 -18% 698 822 18%
Texas 4,159 2,587 -38% 2,587 3,091 19%
Virginia 1,419 917 -35% 917 774 -16%
West Virginia 135 71 -47% 71 99 39%
Totals 24,037 15,950 -34% 15,950 18,946 19%

Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. AIDS cases by state and metropolitan area, provided for the Ryan White CARE Act, June 2005. HIV/AIDS Surveillance Supplemental Report 2005; 11 (No. 1). Also available at http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/stats/hasrlink.htm.