SLC Economic Development, Transportation & Cultural Affairs Committee
The topics explored by the Economic Development, Transportation & Cultural Affairs Committee include a number of critical issues relevant to the progress and advancement of the Southern region. As the Southern states continue to diversify their economies, the Committee has studied a number of issues to further its understanding of this diversification process. In addition, the Committee has focused on exploring the role of the arts as a catalyst for economic growth and the fact that a thriving cultural scenario is an important consideration in the relocation and expansion plans of corporations. Such issues as federal transportation plans and their implications for Southern states; competition among states to attract economic investment; attracting and retaining high-tech investment; promoting Southern state exports; high speed rail in the South; promoting biotechnology are recurring topics.
Issue Brief | October 30, 2017
The Southern Legislative Conference (SLC) has studied the centrality of the Southern region’s economic integration with Canada and Mexico since the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) originally was implemented in 1994. After NAFTA’s implementation, the SLC published multiple analyses related to the trade agreement’s impact on the region, including The Influence of the North American Free Trade Agreement on Economic and Social Programs Supported by State Governments in the South; The North American Free Trade Agreement: Changing Economic and Social Programs of Southern States; and NAFTA ’95: A Report Card. The historical context provided by data in SLC’s various publications is essential to understanding the extent to which regional trade has been influenced by NAFTA, and the ways in which it could be impacted if the trade agreement is significantly modified in the months ahead.
As officials from Canada, Mexico and the United States attempt to renegotiate NAFTA’s stipulations, it is instructive for policymakers to understand the current position of SLC states with regard to the export and import of goods with Canada and Mexico, prior to any overhaul of the expansive agreement. Canada and Mexico are important trading partners for SLC member states, meaning any disruption to trade as a result of renegotiation could have significant ramifications across state economies, including in the agriculture, automotive and manufacturing industries.
Since NAFTA’s implementation in 1994, trade between the SLC region and Canada and Mexico has changed dramatically. According to the Office of the United States Trade Representative, national exports and imports to/from Mexico increased by 455 percent and 637 percent, respectively, between 1993 and 2016. Meanwhile, exports and imports to/from Canada increased 165 percent and 150 percent, respectively, during the same period.
SLC Regional Resource | December 7, 2016
Despite ongoing economic sanctions, the United States has emerged as a major exporter of agricultural goods to Cuba, which imports up to 80 percent of its food. Given Cuba's geographic and economic position, states in the Southern region of the United States have competitive export advantages in terms of production, quality, logistics and proximity. This SLC Regional Resource examines existing and future agricultural export opportunities for member states in the Southern Legislative Conference.
Policy Analysis | September 14, 2016
Cuba, a nation of approximately 11 million people, is a food-insecure country, importing up to 80 percent of its food. The nation’s primary imports in 2015 included rice (14 percent), poultry (13 percent), dairy (12 percent), soy products (12 percent) and wheat (12 percent).
Agricultural exports to Cuba were authorized under the Trade Sanctions Reform and Export Enhancement Act of 2000. Given Cuba’s economic and geographic position, Southern states have become leaders in agricultural exports to Cuba, comprising nine of the top 10 exporting states in 2015.
Reinforcing their dominant position, Southern states also are leaders in overall exports of Cuba’s most-imported agricultural products: rice and poultry. In 2014, four Southern states were among the top five rice-exporting states (Arkansas, at $809.3 million; California, at $644 million; Louisiana, at $258.9 million; Missouri, at $96.6 million; and Texas, at $92.8 million). Similarly, Southern states constituted all five of the top broiler-exporting states in 2014 (Georgia, at $596.3 million; Alabama, at $478 million; North Carolina, at $477.5 million; Arkansas, at $475 million; Mississippi, at $356.2 million; and Texas, at $280.5 million).
Top 20 States for Agricultural Exports to Cuba (2006-2015)
(ranking based on total agricultural exports in 2015)
|U.S. State||2006||2009||Percent Change||2012||Percent Change||2015||Percent Change|
More SLC Research into Industry & Commerce
Policy Analysis | March 4, 2016
Policy Analysis | January 29, 2016
SLC Regional Resource | January 12, 2016
Policy Analysis | September 10, 2015
Policy Analysis | July 1, 2015
SLC Regional Resource | July 1, 2015
SLC Regional Resource | March 10, 2015
Issue Alert | June 25, 2014
SLC Regional Resource | February 27, 2014
Policy Analysis | February 19, 2014
Policy Analysis | January 6, 2014
SLC Regional Resource | November 19, 2013
SLC Regional Resource | July 11, 2013
Issue Alert | May 9, 2013
Policy Analysis | February 15, 2013
Issue Alert | September 18, 2012
Policy Analysis | February 24, 2012
Policy Analysis | June 8, 2011
Fiscal Alert | May 1, 2011
Fiscal Alert | October 1, 2010
SLC Special Series Report | June 1, 2010
Policy Analysis | January 1, 2009
SLC Special Series Report | January 1, 2009
Article | December 1, 2008
Policy Analysis | November 1, 2008
Article | August 1, 2008
Article | July 1, 2008
Presentation | September 2, 2007
Article | August 1, 2007
SLC Regional Resource | June 1, 2007
Presentation | November 20, 2006
SLC Special Series Report | April 1, 2006
SLC Regional Resource | August 1, 2005
SLC Regional Resource | May 1, 2004
Presentation | April 30, 2004
SLC Special Series Report | November 1, 2003
SLC Regional Resource | February 1, 2003
Presentation | September 23, 2002
SLC Regional Resource | June 1, 2002
SLC Regional Resource | July 1, 2001
SLC Regional Resource | June 1, 2001
SLC Regional Resource | February 1, 2001
SLC Special Series Report | November 1, 2000
SLC Regional Resource | August 1, 2000
SLC Regional Resource | January 1, 2000
SLC Special Series Report | October 1, 1999