July 29 to August 2, 2006.
September 14, 2006
TO: Members of the Executive Committee
FR: Representative Johnnie Bolin, Arkansas
Chair, Economic Development, Transportation & Cultural Affairs Committee
RE: Report of Activities during the 60th Annual Meeting in Louisville, Kentucky, July 29-August 2, 2006
The Economic Development, Transportation & Cultural Affairs Committee convened on Monday, July 31 for its program session and twice on Tuesday, August 1, for its business session and the technical tour. The following is a synopsis of the Committee’s activities and programs on both days. An attendance list is attached.
Monday, July 31, 2006
I. State Transportation Investments and Economic Returns
Melissa A. Ziegler, Director, Economic and Community Development, Wilbur Smith Associates, Tennessee
Investments in transportation infrastructure remain a critical ingredient in generating substantive economic growth. In an era of scarce resources, information on some of the optimal measures state policymakers may initiate to effectively blend economic development and transportation strategies remains of great importance.
Ms. Ziegler’s Presentation:
Ms. Ziegler began her presentation by stressing that despite all the fundamental changes currently sweeping the global economy, the transportation sector remains the linchpin for sustained economic growth and enhanced revenue flows, along with many other benefits. In fact, the United States has been successful in building a world-class transportation network and using this network as the springboard for expanding the nation’s economy. While the forces of globalization and technology continue to impact the nation’s manufacturing sector, sometimes with negative consequences, the continued growth of the manufacturing sector—propelled by an efficient transportation network—remained critical in facilitating broad economic growth.
Ms. Ziegler elaborated on some of the aspects of globalization that impact American manufacturing and, by extension, impact the nation’s transportation network. According to Ms. Ziegler, American manufacturers currently compete for projects with countries from around the world, from India to Ireland to Israel. While more and more manufactured goods are being outsourced for production in foreign destinations, it is not only low-wage manufacturing jobs, such as those in the textile industry, that are affected by this transformation. Activities ranging from accounting and tax preparation, to reading x-rays, to call centers, increasingly are being located overseas, trends that continue to impact both our economy and the transportation infrastructure. Notwithstanding these shifts, Ms. Ziegler stressed the importance of education along with research and development to retain and maintain the growth of the manufacturing sector in the United States.
The crucial importance of a sound, efficient and thriving transportation system. For instance, Ms. Ziegler noted, in 1970, the United States imported and exported $84 billion in goods; by 2005, total U.S. goods imported and exported reached $84 billion less than two weeks into the year, and totaled $2.6 trillion for the full year, a remarkable growth path in some three and a half decades. These exponential growth rates, Ms. Ziegler stated, had huge impacts on the nation’s inland and ocean ports, railroads, airports and highway systems. Consequently, she noted, these trends demand that the United States continually work toward moving goods faster and more efficiently to their ultimate destinations.
In terms of transportation distribution networks and logistics, Ms. Ziegler indicated that firms constantly are seeking to gain competitive advantage by reducing their transportation costs. This is where, Ms. Ziegler added, the actions of governments at all levels become critical in the establishment of a transportation infrastructure that permits the movement of goods, both faster and cheaper. The key to prosperity, she stressed is helping existing businesses remain competitive, attracting new business opportunities and supporting home-grown businesses, based on competitive factors. Furthermore, Ms. Ziegler noted that in this changing global economy, transportation played a new role in the economic development efforts of nations and, in the case of the United States, individual states. She also indicated that continued transportation investments were important from the perspective of travel costs and travel time savings, alongside linking economic development efforts with transportation planning and investments. In this connection, Ms. Ziegler cited the UPS facility at the Louisville Airport; the KCS Deramus Yard project in Kansas City; the CenterPoint Partners multi-modal business park in Elwood, Illinois; and the Pigeon Forge Tourism Development Zone in Tennessee as fine examples of effectively blending economic development planning with transportation investments.
Based on her expertise and many years experience studying transportation and economic development projects, Ms. Ziegler recommended that SLC state policymakers strongly consider the following action strategies in devising efforts in their own states:
As she noted, it is vital that states and their private sector partners analyze economic development and revenue flows and develop a matrix to evaluate interactions and synergies between economic development and transportation efforts. This analysis would also enable options for financing these necessary improvements. In closing, Ms. Ziegler cited the noted author Thomas Friedman’s recent book (The World is Flat) by stressing the need for creative imagination in every facet of the American economy, i.e., devising how to put things together in new ways to create new products, new opportunities, new businesses and new profits.
II. NASA’s Programs in the SLC States
Rex Geveden, Associate Administrator, National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), Washington, D.C.
NASA operations are scattered around the SLC states. The latest news on NASA’s activities helps highlight the substantial economic impact of these programs on SLC state economies and the importance for NASA’s activities to expand in the coming years.
Mr. Geveden’s Presentation
Mr. Geveden began his presentation by detailing why space exploration was important to America. Space exploration is critical to America’s future for strategic, economic, scientific and prestige reasons, all reasons why America continues to be determined to take the lead in this area. According to Mr. Geveden, two recent events generated a great deal of excitement and enthusiasm, not only among the NASA family, but also the nation at large: the successful launch and return of the space shuttle a few weeks ago and the impressive strides toward completing the work on the international space station. He indicated that NASA’s efforts currently are geared toward two primary goals: returning to the moon and exploring Mars, twin goals that involve an epic plan that will be led by American astronauts.
Mr. Geveden indicated that in various public forums often he was asked why increasingly scarce federal dollars are allocated toward NASA programs. He noted that his response often was multi-pronged. Firstly, he strongly believes that in the contemporary era space exploration is an activity in which a great nation should be involved and be in the forefront. For instance, during the Roman empire, the Romans built and developed roads and aqueducts; during the British empire, the British developed an impressive naval fleet that controlled the oceans. According to Mr. Geveden, the American empire in the last century or so has maintained supremacy over aviation and, by logical extension, space. He stressed that continuing this tradition and discovering, developing and harnessing the resources of the solar system with space exploration in future decades remained the strategy to consolidate America’s role as a great nation. According to Mr. Geveden, several other nations are beginning to focus on space exploration as a strategy to enhance their image and generate many other advantages. This list includes Russia, China, Japan, India and several European countries, all of which have made strong commitments to space exploration.
Alongside the strategic and economic value of space exploration, the ability of an active space program to motivate young people to study the tough subjects like math and science. Expertise in these subjects remains integral to a nation’s expansion as an economic powerhouse. He also added that many Americans take space exploration for granted and sometimes fail to realize that because of space-based technology advances in communications (cell phone, satellite television), satellite-based weather forecasting, advanced materials, medical technology and a number of technological spin-offs were all generated.
While recent economic analysis indicates that there was a return of $8 for every $1 expended on space exploration, Mr. Geveden also noted that beyond the valuable economic components, it is vital that America lead the way in establishing the world’s standards in space exploration, akin to the dominant American role in computing and aviation. This would ensure that other nations would look to the United States for direction as the trend-setter in the space exploration arena. He indicated that it was important that other nations seek to adopt these American standards and noted that it is also vital that space exploration remain a collaborative effort internationally, with the United States maintaining the lead role.
According to Mr. Geveden, a number of SLC states play a dominant role in NASA’s activities; he commented on the “spirit of the South” remaining important in the establishment of these NASA locations. He cited President Lyndon Johnson’s rationale back in the 1960s for establishing the Mission Control facility in Houston, Texas: to transform a principally agrarian economy to one leveraged by modern, high-tech features. Several of NASA’s most important facilities are in the South, and Mr. Geveden listed the Kennedy Space Center in Florida (space shuttle components and launch procedures for space shuttle missions); Johnson Space Center in Texas (human space flight, space shuttle missions, space station, mission control, astronaut training); Goddard Space Flight Center in Maryland (environmental science including climate change and ozone research; astronomy, including the Hubble Space Telescope and Compton Gamma Ray Observatory; and solar physics); Langley Research Center in Virginia (aeronautics, atmospheric science, shuttle experiments, technology spin-offs); Marshall Space Flight Center in Alabama (advanced x-ray astronomy facility, space shuttle main engines, spacelab program and microgravity research); and the Stennis Space Center in Mississippi (space shuttle main engine testing, geographic information systems, small spacecraft technology and commercial remote sensing).
Based on these programs in the South, Mr. Geveden mentioned that in fiscal year 2005, NASA spent about $7.5 billion, about one half of NASA’s total $17 billion budget. In addition, about 85 percent of all NASA’s budget goes toward independent contractors who work in practically every state in the country, a trend that significantly boosts the economies of these locations. He added that NASA’s total budget amounted to about two-thirds of 1 percent of the total federal budget, a relatively small number, which, in turn, amounted to a daily per capita cost of about 75 cents.
Among the many rewarding aspects of his work at NASA, Mr. Geveden cited participating in the Young Explorers program where children from around the country are selected to participate in a series of programs at NASA, an experience directed at stimulating interest in space exploration and at encouraging further study of complex subjects like math and science.
In closing, Mr. Geveden stated that space exploration in our current day and time is analogous to Magellan’s ambition to circumnavigate the globe 500 years ago. Mr. Geveden indicated that leadership in space exploration involves defining and then pursuing the frontiers that expand mankind’s reach. In NASA’s current vision, this involves returning to the moon and exploring Mars.
Tuesday, August 1, 2006
I. Energy Independence and Economic Development
Ernest C. Shea, President, Natural Resource Solutions, Maryland
Representative Jamie R. Franks, Jr., Mississippi
Pursuing alternate and renewable energy sources like ethanol remains crucial as a national security goal, but an important side effect involves creating positive economic development flows to local economies. Details on some of the state strategies being pursued to promote both economic development and energy independence at the regional and state-specific levels remain useful as SLC state lawmakers prepare for their 2007 legislative sessions.
Mr. Shea’s Presentation
Mr. Shea began his remarks on America’s energy future by noting that energy remains the critical factor in the American economy and that it is fundamental to the nation’s prosperity. While historically energy had been abundant and affordable in America, a trend that contributed significantly to our quality of life, in the last few decades this scenario has changed. The major reason for this, Mr. Shea noted, was that fossil-based energy systems are not sustainable. Furthermore, Mr. Shea indicated, while world oil reserves are limited in supply and located in volatile parts of the world, emissions from the burning of these fossil fuels has negative impacts on the environment too. Consequently, for the United States, according to Mr. Shea, at a time when dependence on foreign oil was increasing, the cost of oil, natural gas and electricity was skyrocketing.
In this tenuous situation, according to Mr. Shea, the 25 x 25 Initiative emerged in spring 2004 as an effort to forge a consensus on a new energy future based on renewable energy sources prevalent in the agricultural and forestry sectors. While the Initiative has been supported by the Energy Future Coalition, it focuses on economic stability, national security and environmental benefits flowing from a new energy approach that further explores agriculture and forestry’s role in energy production. According to Mr. Shea, the Initiative is a three-phase project that will create a vision, build an energy alliance, and construct an implementation strategy.
In developing this vision, Mr. Shea noted that the critical questions revolved around the role of the farm and forestry sectors as well as the level of contributions from these sectors and the steps necessary for the vision to develop and progress. He indicated that those working on the Initiative quickly concluded that not only can the agriculture and forestry sectors play a major role in helping the nation achieve energy independence, this is a historic opportunity for these sectors to work collaboratively to capitalize on these opportunities. Consequently, the vision statement that emerged maintained that “[B]y the year 2025, America’s farms, ranches and forests will provide 25 percent of the total energy consumed in the U.S. while continuing to produce safe, abundant and affordable food, feed and fiber.” According to Mr. Shea, the Initiative would reach this goal by producing transportation fuels, harnessing wind energy, converting biogas emissions, capturing solar energy, and providing biomass for generating heat and power.
With the implementation of this strategy, Mr. Shea stated, the agriculture and forestry sectors would see several notable benefits including increased farm income, added value uses for products, greater opportunities for alternative enterprises, more productive uses of marginal lands, increased options in resolving air, water and soil quality problems, reduced reliance on government payments, and enhanced rural economies. While these are the benefits at the micro level, at the macro or national level, the benefits for the nation are impressive too: enhanced national security, an improved environment, and a revitalized economy. Mr. Shea added that opportunities for Southern states are particularly impressive because the South is so rich in renewable energy feed stock along with the fact that 42 percent of the nation’s biomass potential is in the region.
Mr. Shea further elaborated on the 25 x 25 Initiative by noting that his organization devoted 2005 to testing and fine-tuning the vision and building a more formal partnership/alliance between the agriculture and forestry sectors on the topic of renewable energy (phase 2). These discussions culminated in the spring of 2006 with the National Ag/Forestry Renewable Energy Summit in Washington, D.C.
Mr. Shea continued that the final phase (phase 3) of the Initiative involved bringing the vision to life or implementing an effective strategy year to ensure that by 2025, America’s farms, ranches and forests will provide 25 percent of the total energy consumed in the country. In more specific terms, for 2006, the Initiative would expand the national alliance, establish 25 x ’25 as a national goal, form state level 25 x ’25 alliances, and construct an implementation plan. In terms of forming and developing national alliances, more than 225 organizations along with 13 governors and four state legislatures had endorsed the effort and that the Initiative is now reaching out to environmental, conservation, labor, religious, energy entities and other groups to form partnerships. Nationally, the goal is to secure the support of over 50 percent of the U.S. Congress in adopting 25 x ’25 as a national goal by election day 2006. At the state level, the goal is to establish 25 x ’25 alliances in 20 states by September 1, 2006.
In closing, Mr. Shea stated that an overwhelming majority of the country acknowledged that the United States faces an energy crisis of significant proportions and that maintaining reliable energy flows remains fundamental to the nation’s prosperity, national security and environment. He stressed that what is needed is more ambitious and creative thinking behind a new energy policy for the future and sought the assistance of SLC state policymakers’ insight, expertise and leadership skills in making the 25 x ’25 effort extremely successful.
Representative Franks’ Presentation
According to Representative Franks, at the beginning of the decade the state of Mississippi adopted a comprehensive approach to reaching energy independence alongside economic development across the state. This comprehensive approach involved creating laws that support alternative energy research and development, funding innovative industries that develop or use alternative energy sources, and supporting innovative research strategies being pursued by universities in Mississippi. Based on these priorities, Representative Franks noted, Mississippi currently has three important legislative initiatives: the state’s Land, Water and Timber Resources Act; the General Energy Management Plan; and legislative assistance for lignite coal plants in Mississippi. All these measures, Representative Franks stressed, are critical components in moving the state toward greater energy independence while stimulating economic development in areas throughout the state.
In terms of the first legislative initiative, the Land, Water and Timber Resources Act, Representative Franks stated that it was created in 2000 as part of comprehensive economic development legislation to promote the development, marketing and distribution of agricultural products. The Act created a board, co-chaired by the executive director of the Mississippi Development Authority and the commissioner of agriculture, with board members that include the heads of different state economic development, agricultural and educational institutions. This board, Representative Franks noted, seeks to encourage the commercialization of new agriculture technology businesses; promote specialty markets for agricultural products; and initiate, encourage and promote the development of alternative energy strategies, applied research technology and commercialization enterprises, utilizing Mississippi’s abundant natural resources. In order to accomplish these goals, the board is authorized to allocate funds from the state’s Land, Water and Timber Resources Fund to public and private entities through loans, grants and contracts.
The second legislative initiative Representative Franks cited was the state’s general energy management plan. According to Representative Franks, while the energy division of the Mississippi Development Authority oversees this plan, the enabling legislation called for the development and implementation of a state energy management plan in an effort to reduce the consumption of electricity and nonrenewable energy sources in state-owned and state-leased buildings. As an enforcement mechanism, prior to September 1 of each year, state agencies are required to submit a detailed plan describing the specific measures they have adopted to reduce energy consumption to the aforementioned energy division. If an agency fails to submit a plan or if a submitted plan is not approved, Representative Franks indicated that the state’s Legislative Budget Office will consider suspending the budget of that agency.
During the 2006 session, Representative Franks noted, the Legislature considered the 2006 Mississippi Energy Act. Even though this legislation did not pass, Representative Franks indicated that several components of the proposed legislation warranted further consideration. Specifically, it called for issuing $18 million in bonds so that the Department of Agriculture and Commerce could make payments to ethanol and bio-diesel producers that met certain standards. It also required state agencies to purchase vehicles that met the federal Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) standard (27.5 miles per gallon), utilized hybrid (gas/electric) motors or a motor equipped for using alternative fuels. In addition, the proposed legislation provided tax credits (similar to the federal tax credit) for consumers who purchase new hybrid vehicles without the intent to resell it for five years; allowed unused portions of the tax credits to be carried forward for the succeeding five tax years; provided tax credits to those who build new homes or rehabilitate old homes in accordance with the United States Green Building Council’s Leadership in Energy & Environment Design (LEED) standard; exempted the sales tax on the sale of coal and lignite used as fuel to produce electric power by a company in Mississippi; and clarified the authority of the state’s attorney general in monitoring petroleum-based fuel throughout the state. (With regard to the state’s LEED standard, Representative Franks stated that Mississippi’s law differed from federal law in that Mississippi homeowners were allowed to claim the tax credit; in the federal law, only commercial builders are allowed to claim the tax credit).
Representative Franks elaborated that the proposed legislation (HB 1634) also provided specific incentives for a proposed economic development project that gasifies coal and petroleum coke into a purified gas. This project is expected to produce at least 200 full-time jobs with an average annual salary—excluding benefits—of at least $45,000, which, in turn, would not be subject to state income taxes. The project was expected to generate an additional 1,000 jobs, Representative Franks stated, at the construction phase of building the facility. While the byproducts of the project will be sold commercially in various forms such as commercial feed stock, ammonia, steam and electricity, the operation of the plant will not create unwanted air pollution. This is because the carbon dioxide and sulphur emissions created during production will be sequestered underground rather than released into the atmosphere. He also indicated that the Mississippi Legislature had a stand-alone bill to ensure that the sale of coal and lignite (used as fuel to produce electric power) by the facility are not taxed under the state sales tax law.
According to Representative Franks, the state actively is preparing to be a national ethanol production leader. Toward this end, Ergon Ethanol, Inc. and Bunge North Amercia, Inc. created a joint venture to produce renewable, clean burning fuel in the state. This joint venture, located in Vicksburg, will create the largest ethanol plant in the southeastern United States and will not only be an economic boost to those employed at the facility but for the state’s farmers too. Representative Franks also cited the importance of soybeans to both the agricultural economies of Mississippi and the United States by noting that if U.S. on-road diesel fuel contained at least 1 percent bio-diesel, this would utilize 250 million bushels of soybeans, increase the value of soybeans by at least $0.35 per bushel, and add more than $900 million to gross farm income. He continued that not only are soybeans the most common agricultural product used in making bio-diesel, they are also the dominant feedstock produced in Mississippi. On the environmental front, Representative Franks indicated that bio-diesel reduced the lubricity of diesel fuels, thereby helping engines run more smoothly and lowering unwanted environmental emissions.
In closing, Representative Franks commented on the university initiatives currently in progress in Mississippi including efforts to convert biomass to chemicals such as ethanol and acetic acid, produce chemicals from wood waste, generate power from poultry litter and other agricultural wastes, utilize coal ash from lignite coal power production and convert waste biomass to energy.
Nominating Committee Report
The Nominating Committee, comprising Senator Jimmy Jeffress, Arkansas, Chair, Senator Richard “Dick” Roeding, Kentucky, and Delegate Ruth Kirk, Maryland, presented its recommendations for Committee chair and vice chair for 2006/2007. Senator Roeding announced that there was a single name submitted for chair and a single name submitted for vice chair. Consequently, Senator Mark Norris, Tennessee, was elected chairc, and Representative Bill Daughtridge, North Carolina, was elected vice chair for the upcoming year.
Tuesday, August 1, 2006
United Parcel Service (UPS) Worldport Facility
Committee members, other SLC legislators and legislative staff toured the UPS Worldport facility, the world’s most technologically advanced air package sorting hub, and which announced a $1 billion expansion effort in May 2006. Those on the tour learned that the expansion would increase sorting capacity over the next five years by 60 percent to 487,000 packages per hour, add three aircraft load/unload "wings" to the hub building, followed by the installation of high-speed conveyor and computer control systems. While work on the expansion will begin later this year, it is scheduled to be completed by 2010. According to information provided by UPS officials, the expansion will increase Worldport's footprint by 1.1 million square feet to 5.1 million square feet—the equivalent of more than 113 football fields. The project also will include construction of new ramp space to accommodate the giant A380 and 747-400 cargo planes now on order, plus a new vehicle loading facility for the ground network that serves Louisville. The expansion is expected to create more than 5,000 additional jobs.
Finally, UPS officials indicated that despite the mammoth size of the Worldport, the innovative "smart label" technology that drives its sort process can propel packages through the building's 197 miles of conveyors in as little as eight minutes. Specifically, the movement of packages through the vast facility is synchronized by a sophisticated system of cameras that read the detailed information encoded on package labels, triggering a network of computer-activated sorting and tracking devices that process 59 million database transactions every hour with near-perfect reliability.
SLC Fall Meeting
Savannah, Georgia, November 10-13, 2006
All committees of the Southern Legislative Conference will meet during the SLC Fall Meeting in Savannah, Georgia, November 10-13, 2006. Committee sessions will take the form of open roundtable discussions, with conference wide plenary sessions for all members. In keeping with the wishes of the SLC appointing authorities, please note that meeting notification does not authorize travel.
Staff Liaison: Sujit CanagaRetna, email@example.com, (404) 633-1866
Southern Legislative Conference 60th Annual Meeting
Economic Development, Transportation & Cultural Affairs Committee
July 29 – August 2, 2005
Representative Bill J. Dukes
Senator Ted Little
Representative Frank McDaniel
Representative Howard Sanderford
Frank Caskey, Legislative Reference Service
Jason S. Isbell, Legislative Fiscal Office
Tracy Lamm, Pratt & Whitney
Johnny M. Morrow
Sherri Stroud, National Aeronautics and Space Administration
Representative Johnnie Bolin
Senator Shane Broadway
Representative Dawn Creekmore
Representative Stephanie Flowers-Kirk
Senator Jimmy Jeffress
Senator Randy Leverty
Representative George Overbey, Jr.
Representative Bill Pritchard
Representative Wilhelmina Lewellen
Representative Robbie Wills
Senator Shane Womack
Kevin Anderson, Bureau of Legislative Research
Kim Arnall, Bureau of Legislative Research
Sammie Cox, American Electric Power
Janelle Evyan, Bureau of Legislative Research
Kerrie Lauck, Bureau of Legislative Research
Barbara McBryde, House Staff
Willa Black Sanders, University of Arkansas Medical School
Estella Smith, Bureau of Legislative Research
District of Columbia
Steve Blackistone, National Transportation Safety Board
Philip Clark, Federal Emergency Management Agency
Carolyn C. Drake, Southern States Energy Board
Rex Geveden, National Aeronautics and Space Administration
Michael F. McGarey, Nuclear Energy Institute
Mark Rosenker, National Transportation and Safety Board
Ron Silver, Ron Silver Associates
Senator Don Balfour
Representative David Casas
Representative Butch Parrish
Representative Carl Rogers
Representative Donna Sheldon
Representative Vance Smith, Jr.
Sujit CanagaRetna, Southern Legislative Conference
Gerri Combs, Southern Arts Federation
Asenith Dixon, Senate Research Office
Mike Kumpf, BP America
James G. Ledbetter, University of Georgia
Ken Nemeth, Southern States Energy Board
Brian Sernulka, Southern States Energy Board
Jim H. White, ACI, Inc.
Senate President Pro Tem Katie Stine
Representative Eddie Ballard
Representative Sheldon Baugh
Senator Walter Blevins
Representative Tom Burch
Representative Mike Cherry
Senator Julian M. Carroll
Representative Hubert Collins
Representative C.B. Embry
Representative David Floyd
Senator Brett Guthrie
Representative Mike Harmon
Representative Jimmie Lee
Senator Dick Roeding
Representative Lonnie Napier
Representative Ruth Ann Palumbo
Representative Tom Riner
Representative Tommy Thompson
Representative Mike Weaver
Senator Ken Winters
Representative Addia K. Wuchner
Bren Adams, Business First
Keon Chi, The Council of State Governments
Mary Duesenberry, The Council of State Governments
Shellie Hampton, Kentucky County Judge/Executive Association
David C. Harris
Bert May, Kentucky League of Cities
Barry Mayfield, East Kentucky Power
David Moss, Kentucky Coal Industry
Paula Payne, Downtown Louisville
Louis Pierce, Legislative Research Commission
Kim Phelps, Office of the Senate President
Mike Robinson, The Council of State Governments
John S. Talbert, Big Rivers Electric Corporation
Richard Tanner, Kentucky Magistrates and Commissioners Association
Senator J. Chris Ullo
Senator Jennie M. Forehand
Delegate Carolyn J. Howard
Delegate Ruth M. Kirk
Ernest C. Shea, Natural Resource Solutions
Speaker Rod Jetton
Speaker Billy McCoy
Representative Billie Broomfield
Representative Jamie Franks
Senator Hillman Frazier
Representative David Gibbs
Representative Joey Hudson
Representative Bill Miles
Representative Charles L. Young
Jerry Barham, House Legislative Services Office
Lofton Cox, Mississippi Power Company
Dennis W. Miller, Watkins, Ludlam, Winter & Stennis, P.A.
Gwennetta Tatum, House Staff
Don W. Richardson, House Staff
Camille Scales Young, Watkins, Ludlam, Winter & Stennis, P.A.
Representative Bill Daughtridge
Representative Phillip Haire
North Carolina (Cont.)
Mikael R. Gross, Senate Staff
Representative Joe E. Brown
Senator Mark Norris
Liz Alvey, Senate Transportation Committee Staff
John Morgan, Office of the Comptroller of the Treasury
Dale Sims, Office of the Treasurer
David Thurman, Budget Office
Melissa Ziegler, Wilbur Smith Associates
Mark A. Shilling, Southern States Energy Board
Senate President Pro Tem John Chichester
Delegate Kenneth C. Alexander
Delegate William “Bill” Barlow
Senator Harry Blevins
Delegate Philip Hamilton
Senator Edd Houck
Senator Yvonne B. Miller
Delegate Ken Plum
Richard E. Hickman, Senate Finance Committee
Esson M. “E.M.” Miller, Jr., Division of Legislative Services
Julie Smith, Division of Legislative Services
Aaron Allred, Legislative Services
Jerry Bird, Public Service Commission