What are the state laws governing employee voting leave in SLC member states?
Nine of the 15 SLC member states provide regulatory guidelines under which employers may grant employees time off to vote in an election.
|State and Code Section||Voting Leave Law|
Code § 17-1-5
|Each employee in the state shall, upon reasonable notice to his or her employer, be permitted by his or her employer to take necessary time off from his or her employment to vote in any municipal, county, state, or federal political party primary or election for which the employee is qualified and registered to vote on the day on which the primary or election is held. The necessary time off shall not exceed one hour and if the hours of work of the employee commence at least two hours after the opening of the polls or end at least one hour prior to the closing of the polls, then the time off for voting as provided in this section shall not be available. The employer may specify the hours during which the employee may absent himself or herself as provided in this section.|
Code § 7-1-102
|Each employer in the state shall schedule the work hours of employees on election days so that each employee will have an opportunity to exercise the right of franchise.|
|Florida||Employee leave for voting not regulated.|
Code § 21-2-404
|Each employee in this state shall, upon reasonable notice to his or her employer, be permitted by his or her employer to take any necessary time off from his or her employment to vote in any municipal, county, state, or federal political party primary or election for which such employee is qualified and registered to vote on the day on which such primary or election is held; provided, however, that such necessary time off shall not exceed two hours; and provided, further, that, if the hours of work of such employee commence at least two hours after the opening of the polls or end at least two hours prior to the closing of the polls, then the time off for voting as provided for in this Code section shall not be available. The employer may specify the hours during which the employee may absent himself or herself as provided in this Code section.|
Statutes § 118-035
|No person shall be penalized for taking a reasonable time off to vote, unless, under circumstances which did not prohibit him from voting, he fails to vote. Any qualified voter who exercises his right to voting leave under this section but fails to cast his vote, under circumstances which did not prohibit him from voting, may be subject to disciplinary action.|
What are the primary election formulas of SLC Member States?
|State||Primary Formula||Primary (approx.)||Runoff||Citation|
|Alabama||June, 1st Tuesday||early June||6th Tuesday following the Primary||17-13-3|
|Arkansas||Preferential Primary: Tuesday 3 weeks prior to general primary election; General primary election: second Tuesday in June preceding the general election||late May||June, 2nd Tuesday (General Primary Election)||7-7-202; 7-7-203|
|Florida||Tuesday, 10 weeks prior to general election||mid to late August||. . .||100.061|
|Georgia||24th Tuesday before Nov. General in Even years||mid to late May||9th Tuesday after Primary||21-2-150|
|Kentucky||May, 1st Tuesday after 3rd Monday||mid to late May||35 days after Primary||118.025|
|Louisiana||October, 2nd to last Saturday||late October (odd)||4th Saturday after Primary||18.402|
|Mississippi||August, first Tuesday after first Monday||early August (odd)||3rd Tuesday after Primary||23-15-191|
|Missouri||August, first Tuesday after first Monday||early August||. . .||115.121.1|
|North Carolina||May, first Tuesday after first Monday||early May||7 weeks after Primary||163-1|
|Oklahoma||June, last Tuesday||late June||August, 4th Tuesday||26-1-102|
How many new members were elected to SLC legislatures in the November 2012 elections?
(click on headers to sort by column)
|State||New Senate Members||Total Senate Members||Percent New Senate Members||New House Member||Total House Members||Percent New House Members||Total New Members||Total All Members||Percent All New Members|
Census Results and State Implications
Since 1790, the United States, as required by Article 1, Section 2 of the U.S. Constitution, has conducted a census every 10 years, tabulating the nation's population for the purpose of allocating congressional districts among the states. The census also is important due to its effects on the allocation of federal funds to state and local governments. Further, the data from the census still is used to allocate congressional seats among the 50 states and is used by the states to redraw the boundaries of political districts such as state legislative lines, city council lines and the like. The resident population of the United States on April 1, 2010, was 308,745,538, an increase of 9.7 percent over the 281,421,906 counted during the 2000 Census. The following table provides details on the congressional seat changes in the Southern region, and the 2010 Census site provides further manipulable data.
|State or Region||Representatives||Average Number of Constituents per Representative||Seats Lost or Gained|
What are the laws addressing felon voting rights in the SLC states?
The legal ability of people with felony convictions to vote varies from state to state. Some states allow felons to vote from prison while other states permanently ban felons from voting even if they have been released from prison, parole, and probation, and paid all their fines.
The map below gives a quick breakdown of the practices of the Southern Legislative Conference (SLC) states regarding felon voting rights. Specifically, 10 SLC states allow people with felony convictions to vote after completing their sentence and four states allow some people with felony convictions to vote, barring those convicted of specific crimes or requiring a waiting period. Finally, Kentucky and Virginia remain as the last two states in the nation that permanently disenfranchise all people with felony convictions, unless they receive individual, discretionary, executive clemency.
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